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Second, Third, and Fourth Zionist Congresses.
First Congress did not disperse without having created a permanent
organisation. It elected a Great Council (Grosses Actions Committee), on
which all countries with a considerable Jewish population are represented,
and which moreover appointed a permanent Executive, with its seat in
Vienna, under the presidency of Herzl. It was followed in the three
succeeding years by three further Congresses: in 1898 and 1899 again in
Basle, and in 1900 in London. The number of members increased in1898 to
280, in 1899 to 370, and in 1900 to 420. At each, succeeding Congress the
rules of election were administered more strictly, the mandates were
examined more rigorously, and at the present time the Congress, which has
become a permanent institution of Zionistic Jewry and which assembled in
December, 1901, for the fifth and in July, 1903, for the sixth time, again
in Basle, can rightly claim to form the actual representation of its
consideration of the following facts will show what the Jews represented
at the Congress have already done to carry out the Zionist programme
formulated by the First Congress.
" 1. To promote the settlement in Palestine of Jewish
agriculturists, handicraftsmen, industrialists, and men following
for a systematic settlement in Palestine.
refuses on principle to assist in petty colonisation or
surreptitious entry into Palestine. Zionists have
accordingly restricted themselves hitherto to the zealous and unwearying
advocacy of the already existing Jewish colonies in Palestine before their
quondam supporters, who lately showed a disposition to withdraw their aid
from them; to taking preliminary measures for the founding of
manufactories in the Holy Land, which should give employment to the Jewish
labourers on the spot; and to assuring, by means of an annual subvention,
the continued existence of the model Hebrew school at Jaffa, which had
been compelled to close for lack of funds. They are anxious that the
present promising factors of Jewish colonisation should be fostered and
preserved until the settlement of Palestine on a comprehensive scale is
possible. They have opened a bank under the name of The Anglo-Palestine
Company with head office at Jaffa and a branch establishment at Jerusalem.
To centralize the Jewish people by means of general institutions agreeably
to the laws of the land."
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