Buenos Aires, Argentina
ARGENTINA, South American Federal Republic, general population (2004) 39,150,000; Jewish population 190,000.
Between 1936 and 1944, several hundred families who fled
antisemitic persecution in Germany were absorbed into the settlement project.
Many of them settled in Entre Ríos, where they founded the colony of Avigdor.
In the succeeding period, however, more families left the land, and in 1962
there were fewer settlers than there had been in 1898 (5,907 compared to 6,755
at the earlier date). The families who remained in 1962 were smaller in size
than those of 1898 (an average of less than three members as against over five
to a family at the earlier date) and belonged to an older age group. On the
other hand, the number of non-Jews in the colonies was almost double that of the
Jewish colonists (about 10,220). In 1964 the number of Jewish farmers who lived
on and cultivated their land in the colonies was estimated at 782 families.
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