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Argentina is Latin America's second largest food and agricultural exporter after Brazil. The Pampas, largely made up of a fine sand and clay. are ideal for the cultivation of cereals. Wheat, corn, oats, rye, rice and sunflowers are grown in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and La Pampa. The natural grasslands of this region are also used as pasture for livestock.
Potatoes, tomatoes, beans and garlic are also cultivated in the central provinces. Grapes for wine are grown in the provinces of Mendoza, San Luis, La Rioja and San Juan. Sugar cane is grown in Tucumán. Yerba mate is cultivated in Misiones and cotton is produced in Chaco province. Tobacco is grown in Corrientes, Misiones and Salta. Rice is grown in Entre Ríos and Corrientes.
Cattle farming is one of the biggest industries in the country. First brought into the country when the Spaniards attempted to found Buenos Aires in 1536, cows, sheep, horses and pigs proliferated on the pampas. Large herds of sheep also developed in the Patagonia region.
Refined petroleum products, motor vehicles, Portland cement, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, steel, wine, beer, steel tubes, cigarettes, wood, paper and electrical appliances, among others, are the main manufactured items.
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